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Win over epilepsy

Win over epilepsy

1.What is epilepsy/ seizure and its symptoms?

A seizure is a single event characterized by:

  • Abnormal excessive movement and tightening of limbs.
  • Up-rolling of eye balls, clenching of teeth.
  • Frothing from mouth, tongue bite.
  • Urine incontinence.
  • Epilepsy is tendency to have recurrent seizures

2.What are the common causes of epilepsy/ seizures?

  • Head Injury/ Trauma.
  • Low sugar , low calcium, low sodium
  • Brain infection (T.B or Neurocysticercosis).
  • Brain tumours.
  • High Grade fever in Childhood.
  • Alcohol excessive Intake/withdrawl.

3.What to do during Seizure episode?

  • Move patient to the safe place.
  • Loosen the clothes especially around the neck.
  • Do not put anything in Mouth. (e.g Water /Teaspoon).
  • Keep patient in lateral position so that frothing comes out from mouth.
  • Move to nearest Hospital.

4.What precautions to take during treatment of epilepsy?

  • Take proper treatment as advised by Neurologist.
  • Inform to concerned person like in school and offices.
  • Avoid driving, swimming, walking near terrace.
  • Avoid flickering light like in D.J & playing games on phone.
  • Proper and early sleep is very important.

5.How much time you need to take treatment for epilepsy?

  • Only your Neurologist can decide which drug to be given for how long & when & how to stop treatment. Do not try to stop treatment by yourself.

6.What are special situations in epilepsy?

  • They are important as choice of antiepileptic is different among all.
  • Pregnancy /Breastfeeding.
  • Renal/Liver dysfunction.
  • Elderly/ Childhood.
  • Post Traumatic epilepsy.
  • Psychiatric Illness.

Note:

  • Epilepsy cannot be transmitted from one person to another.
  • Patients with epilepsy usually has normal memory.
  • Patient with epilepsy can conceive normally.
  • (Under supersession of Neurologist /Gynaecologist).

Dr Gourav Jain, MD, DM Neurology (PGI Chandigarh)
Consultant, Neurologist

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