HEADACHE – TREATMENT AND PREVENTIONDecember 28, 2018
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1.What is epilepsy/ seizure and its symptoms?
A seizure is a single event characterized by:
- Abnormal excessive movement and tightening of limbs.
- Up-rolling of eye balls, clenching of teeth.
- Frothing from mouth, tongue bite.
- Urine incontinence.
- Epilepsy is tendency to have recurrent seizures
2.What are the common causes of epilepsy/ seizures?
- Head Injury/ Trauma.
- Low sugar , low calcium, low sodium
- Brain infection (T.B or Neurocysticercosis).
- Brain tumours.
- High Grade fever in Childhood.
- Alcohol excessive Intake/withdrawl.
3.What to do during Seizure episode?
- Move patient to the safe place.
- Loosen the clothes especially around the neck.
- Do not put anything in Mouth. (e.g Water /Teaspoon).
- Keep patient in lateral position so that frothing comes out from mouth.
- Move to nearest Hospital.
4.What precautions to take during treatment of epilepsy?
- Take proper treatment as advised by Neurologist.
- Inform to concerned person like in school and offices.
- Avoid driving, swimming, walking near terrace.
- Avoid flickering light like in D.J & playing games on phone.
- Proper and early sleep is very important.
5.How much time you need to take treatment for epilepsy?
- Only your Neurologist can decide which drug to be given for how long & when & how to stop treatment. Do not try to stop treatment by yourself.
6.What are special situations in epilepsy?
- They are important as choice of antiepileptic is different among all.
- Pregnancy /Breastfeeding.
- Renal/Liver dysfunction.
- Elderly/ Childhood.
- Post Traumatic epilepsy.
- Psychiatric Illness.
- Epilepsy cannot be transmitted from one person to another.
- Patients with epilepsy usually has normal memory.
- Patient with epilepsy can conceive normally.
- (Under supersession of Neurologist /Gynaecologist).
Dr Gourav Jain, MD, DM Neurology (PGI Chandigarh)