Almost 1 in every 6 persons will have a stroke (paralysis) in their lifetime You could be one of them!
What is Stroke/ Paralysis?
Stroke is an abrupt/rapid/sudden onset of focal neurological deficit due to interruption of blood flow to a portion of the brain. It can be either ischemic (87%) or haemorrhagic (13%).
What are the symptoms of stroke?
B: Balance: – Sudden loss of balance.
E: Eyes: – Sudden loss of vision.
F: Face: – Drooping of one side of the face / Facial asymmetry.Ask the person to Smile.
A: Arm: – Weakness or numbness of arm.Ask the person to raise both the arms.
S: Speech: – Slurring of speech/speech difficulty.Ask the person to repeat a single sentence.
T: Time: – Time is Brain, Time Loss is brain Loss.
What to do if stroke/paralysis occurs?
If the person shows any of the above symptoms, rush to the nearby hospital with a stroke unit (with CT or MRI facility) immediately as timely administration of clot dissolving medicine in eligible patient can prevent disability.
What is the time period in which clot dissolving medicine can be given?
4⅟₂ Hours (Four hours & 30 minutes)
What are the risk factors for stroke?
Older age, prior stroke, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, deranged lipids/cholesterol, atrial fibrillation, valvular heart disease, obesity.
How to prevent stroke?
1: Control of risk factors: Obesity, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia/high cholesterol.
2: Stop Smoking & tobacco chewing, quit alcohol.
3: Diet/life style modifications: daily brisk walking, exercise, yoga, diet rich in fruits & vegetables.
4: Community awareness.
Dr. Gourav Jain
MD, DM neurology (PGI Chandigarh)
Ojas Hospital, Panchkula